Melat Mamo Biadglegn

Melat Mamo Biadglegn |Clyto Access

Project officer, Ethiopia

Poster Presentation

Expertise: Chronic non communicable disease, diabetes

Biography:

She have attained undergraduate program in Medical Laboratory Science from Addis Ababa University from 2006 to 2009. After graduation she was working as Graduate assistant in Wollega University, Ethiopia. By year 2010 she have joined a two years graduate program of public health in Haramaya University, Ethiopia. Her field of interest and thesis was chronic non communicable disease specially Diabetes. Currently she is working in Non-government organization as project officer. She conducts research paper on Self-care practice and associated factors among Diabetics patients in Addis Ababa public hospitals.

Presentation:

Title: Self Care Practice And Its Associated Factors Among Diabetic Patients In Addisababa Public Hospitals, Cross Sectional Study

Abstract:

Diabetes is one of the most prevalent non-communicable diseases globally, presenting a significant public health burden on the basis of its increasing incidence, morbidity, mortality, and economic costs. The prevalence of the disease is gradually increasing in the developing countries; Ethiopia is also facing a growing morbidity and mortality of diabetes. Self-care of diabetes is essential for control of the disease and improvement of quality of patients' life. Thus, this study has assessed self-care practice and its associated factors among diabetes mellitus patients in Addis Ababa public hospitals.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 660 diabetic patients were selected through systematic random sampling method; data was collected from November to December 2011. Patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Based on the patients answer to the practice questions patients were categorized as those with good and poor levels of practice. Binary and multivariate logistic regressions were used to exam the association between self-care practice and different factors.

Results: The result of the study showed that only 60.3 % (95% CI: 56%, 64%) of participants had good self care practice. There was significant association between mode of treatment AOR= 1.94(95%CI: 1.31, 2.87), social support system AOR=1.59(95% CI: 1.10, 2.31), being member of diabetic association AOR= 2.39(95% CI: 1.19, 4.81), diabetes education from health professionals AOR= 2.79(95% CI: 1.95, 3.99) diabetes knowledge AOR= 3.13(1.54, 6.39) and good self care practice.

Conclusion: Despite the important role of self-care practice in management of diabetes and preventing its serious complications, a substantial number of the patients had poor self-care practice especially lack of regular exercise and self monitoring of blood glucose, which have critical roles in controlling diabetes. Key words: Self-care practice, diabetes mellitus

Related Conferences :

International Diabetes and Degenerative Diseases Conference